Infection and Immunity
The full-length cDNA sequence encoding Brugia malayi L3 paramyosin has been isolated by immunoscreening a cDNA library with a mouse antiserum raised against Wuchereria bancrofti L3 infective larvae. A recombinant truncated form of paramyosin was expressed as a glutathione S-transferase fusion protein and used to evaluate humoral responses of adults from a W. bancrofti-endemic area in French Polynesia according to their parasitological status. Immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4) preferentially bound to paramyosin in W. bancrofti-parasitized individuals, in contrast to unparasitized individuals, who harbored neither microfilaria nor Og4C3 adult worm circulating antigen. Reduction of the anti-paramyosin IgG4 titer following combined chemotherapy with diethylcarbamazine and ivermectin was significantly correlated with a reduction in the adult worm burden. This indicates that the presence of paramyosin-reactive IgG4 is associated with the presence of parasites and that reduction can be used as an immunological marker for W. bancrofti clearance.
Copyright © 1998, American Society for Microbiology
Langy, Sandra; Plichart, Catherine; Luquiaud, Patrick; Williams, Steven A.; and Nicolas, Luc, "The Immunodominant Brugia Malayi Paramyosin as a Marker of Current Infection with Wuchereria bancrofti Adult Worms" (1998). Biological Sciences: Faculty Publications, Smith College, Northampton, MA.