Journal of Chemical Educaton
This three-week advanced-level organic experiment provides students with an inquiry-based approach focused on learning traditional skills such as primary literature interpretation, reaction design, flash column chromatography, and NMR analysis. Additionally, students address higher-order concepts such as the origin of azulene’s blue color, the mechanism of the Danheiser annulation (step 1), identification of an unknown reaction byproduct, and rationalization of a selective electrophilic aromatic substitution reaction (step 2). Students are initially drawn in by the fascinating color of azulene and remain engaged by the intriguing questions that naturally occur during this investigation.
Carbocations, Chromatography, Electrophilic Substitution, Inquiry-Based/Discovery Learning, Laboratory Instruction, Mechanisms of Reactions, NMR Spectroscopy, Organic Chemistry, Synthesis, Upper-Division Undergraduate
“This document is the Accepted Manuscript version of a Published Work that appeared in final form in Journal of Chemical Education, copyright © American Chemical Society after peer review and technical editing by the publisher. To access the final edited and published work see [insert ACS Articles on Request author-directed link to Published Work, see http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/ed300022a
Thomas, Rebecca M. and Shea, Kevin M., "Synthesis of Di- and Trisubstituted Azulenes Using a Danheiser Annulation as the Key Step: An Advanced Organic Laboratory Experiment" (2012). Chemistry: Faculty Publications, Smith College, Northampton, MA.