Illumination by floodlights

William Steiger, Rutgers University–New Brunswick
Ileana Streinu, Smith College

Archived as published. Open Access article.

Abstract

We consider three problems about the illumination of planar regions with floodlights of prescribed angles. Problem 1 is the decision problem: given a wedge W of angle φ ≤ π, n points p1 . . . . . pn in the plane and n angles α1 . . . . . αn such that ∑ni=1 αi ≤ θ, decide whether W can be illuminated by floodlights of angles α1 , . . . , αn placed in some order at the points p1 , . . . , pn and then rotated appropriately. We show that this problem is the exponential time and a specialized version of it (when φ = θ) is in NP. The second problem arises when the n points are in the complementary wedge of W and θ ≥ φ. Boss et al. have shown that a solution exists and gave an O(n log n) algorithm to place the floodlights. Here we give a matching lower bound. Problem 3 involves the illumination of the whole plane. The algorithm of Bose et al. uses an O(n log n) tripartitioning algorithm to reduce problem 3 to problem 2. We give a linear time tripartitioning algorithm of independent interest. © 1998 Elsevier Science B.V.