Hamiltonicity and Colorings of Arrangement Graphs

Stefan Felsner, Technische Universität Berlin
Ferran Hurtado, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya
Marc Noy, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya
Ileana Streinu, Smith College

Archived as published.


We study connectivity, Hamilton path and Hamilton cycle decomposition, 4-edge and 3-vertex coloring for geometric graphs arising from pseudoline (affine or projective) and pseudocircle (spherical) arrangements. While arrangements as geometric objects are well studied in discrete and computational geometry, their graph theoretical properties seem to have received little attention so far. In this paper we show that they provide well-structured examples of families of planar and projective-planar graphs with very interesting properties. Most prominently, spherical arrangements admit decompositions into two Hamilton cycles; this is a new addition to the relatively few families of 4-regular graphs that are known to have Hamiltonian decompositions. Other classes of arrangements have interesting properties as well: 4-connectivity, 3-vertex coloring or Hamilton paths and cycles. We show a number of negative results as well: there are projective arrangements which cannot be 3-vertex colored. A number of conjectures and open questions accompany our results. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.