Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics
This paper studies the potential for ratings of seller quality to be influenced by side payments to raters. In a laboratory setting, we find that even modest side payments from sellers to raters have large effects, with the type of rating (favorable or unfavorable) given to a seller determined primarily by how large a monetary transfer the seller makes to the rater. Our results demonstrate that side payments can crowd out a rater’s concern for buyers, even in situations where there is no potential for long-term relationship building.
Ratings, Reciprocity, Punishment
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Licensed to Smith College and distributed CC-BY under the Smith College Faculty Open Access Policy.
Halliday, Simon and Lafky, Jonathan, "Reciprocity through ratings: An experimental study of bias in evaluations" (2019). Economics: Faculty Publications, Smith College, Northampton, MA.
Peer reviewed accepted manuscript.