Journal of Algebraic Combinatorics
We study natural bases for two constructions of the irreducible representation of the symmetric group corresponding to [n, n, n]: the reduced web basis associated to Kuperberg’s combinatorial description of the spider category; and the left cell basis for the left cell construction of Kazhdan and Lusztig. In the case of [n, n], the spider category is the Temperley-Lieb category; reduced webs correspond to planar matchings, which are equivalent to left cell bases. This paper compares the image of these bases under classical maps: the Robinson–Schensted algorithm between permutations and Young tableaux and Khovanov–Kuperberg’s bijection between Young tableaux and reduced webs. One main result uses Vogan’s generalized τ-invariant to uncover a close structural relationship between the web basis and the left cell basis. Intuitively, generalized τ-invariants refine the data of the inversion set of a permutation. We define generalized τ-invariants intrinsically for Kazhdan–Lusztig left cell basis elements and for webs. We then show that the generalized τ-invariant is preserved by these classical maps. Thus, our result allows one to interpret Khovanov–Kuperberg’s bijection as an analogue of the Robinson–Schensted correspondence. Despite all of this, our second main result proves that the reduced web and left cell bases are inequivalent; that is, these bijections are not S3n-equivariant maps.
𝔰𝔩(3) web basis, Kazhdan–Lusztig basis, Tau invariant Robinson–Schensted correspondence
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Housley, Matthew; Russell, Heather M.; and Tymoczko, Julianna, "The Robinson-Schensted Correspondence and A2-web Bases" (2015). Mathematics and Statistics: Faculty Publications. 8.