Augmenting Buried in Treasures with in-home uncluttering practice: Pilot study in hoarding disorder

Omer Linkovski, Stanford University Medical Center
Jordana Zwerling, Stanford University Medical Center
Elisabeth Cordell, Stanford University Medical Center
Danae Sonnenfeld, Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons
Henry Willis, Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons
Christopher N. La Lima, Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons
Colleen Baker, Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons
Rassil Ghazzaoui, Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons
Robyn Girson, New York State Psychiatric Institute
Catherine Sanchez, Stanford University Medical Center
Brianna Wright, Stanford University Medical Center
Mason Alford, Stanford University Medical Center
Andrea Varias, Stanford University Medical Center
Maria Filippou-Frye, Stanford University Medical Center
Hanyang Shen, Stanford University Medical Center
Booil Jo, Stanford University Medical Center
Lee Shuer, ServiceNet: Innovative Mental Health and Human Services
Randy O. Frost, Smith College
Carolyn I. Rodriguez, Stanford University Medical Center

Abstract

© 2018 Hoarding disorder is characterized by difficulty parting with possessions and by clutter that impairs the functionality of living spaces. Cognitive behavioral therapy conducted by a therapist (individual or in a group) for hoarding symptoms has shown promise. For those who cannot afford or access the services of a therapist, one alternative is an evidence-based, highly structured, short-term, skills-based group using CBT principles but led by non-professional facilitators (the Buried in Treasures [BIT] Workshop). BIT has achieved improvement rates similar to those of psychologist-led CBT. Regardless of modality, however, clinically relevant symptoms remain after treatment, and new approaches to augment existing treatments are needed. Based on two recent studies - one reporting that personalized care and accountability made treatments more acceptable to individuals with hoarding disorder and another reporting that greater number of home sessions were associated with better clinical outcomes, we tested the feasibility and effectiveness of adding personalized, in-home uncluttering sessions to the final weeks of BIT. Participants (n = 5) had 15 sessions of BIT and up to 20 hours of in-home uncluttering. Reductions in hoarding symptoms, clutter, and impairment of daily activities were observed. Treatment response rate was comparable to rates in other BIT studies, with continued improvement in clutter level after in-home uncluttering sessions. This small study suggests that adding in-home uncluttering sessions to BIT is feasible and effective.