To access this work you must either be on the Smith College campus OR have valid Smith login credentials.
On Campus users: To access this work if you are on campus please Select the Download button.
Off Campus users: To access this work from off campus, please select the Off-Campus button and enter your Smith username and password when prompted.
Non-Smith users: You may request this item through Interlibrary Loan at your own library.
Integration of responsibility, counterfactual thinking and hindsight bias
Hindsight bias (Psychology), Decision making, Commitment (Psychology), Social psychology, Escalation of commitment, Hindsight bias
It has been suspected that escalation of commitment, a phenomenon that describes decision makers’ tendency of persisting in a failing course of action, might be exaggerated by non-decision makers’ hindsight bias (Kong, 2013). In this study subjects were assigned either a role of actor or observer and participated in a decision making process of escalation of commitment. Comparisons of post hoc judgments--hindsight bias and counterfactual thinking-- between actors and observers revealed that observers’ perception of the escalated project was in the same direction as the known outcome, whereas actors’ perception was not affected by the outcome. Moreover, when the given outcome was negative, observers generated more counterfactual thoughts, defined as mentally undoing past actions, than actors. This suggests that observers tend to make causal inferences that are associated with the decision maker while actors are inclined to seek causes that are not self-focused. Implications of the divergence in post hoc judgment of escalation of commitment are discussed.
Yu, Huafeng, "Escalation of commitment in retrospect : an integration of responsibility, counterfactual thinking and hindsight bias" (2016). Honors Project, Smith College, Northampton, MA.
Off Campus Download