To access this work you must either be on the Smith College campus OR have valid Smith login credentials.

On Campus users: To access this work if you are on campus please Select the Download button.

Off Campus users: To access this work from off campus, please select the Off-Campus button and enter your Smith username and password when prompted.

Non-Smith users: You may request this item through Interlibrary Loan at your own library.

Alternative Title

Effects of Instagram on self-objectification

Publication Date


First Advisor

Randi L. Garcia

Document Type

Honors Project

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts




Social media, Instagram, Self-objectification, Objectification theory, Social comparison theory, Effect of social media, Instagram (Firm), Social media-Psychological aspects, Objectification (Social psychology), Social comparison


In two studies, the current research aimed to understand how Instagram usage affects its user’s self-objectifying thoughts, positive and negative emotions, and general well-being. Objectification Theory was used to motivate this research goal. Study 1 focused on the general population using a sample from Amazon’s Mechanical Turk and Study 2 focused on a smaller population from an all-women’s college. Study 2 used a daily-diary methodology to investigate the effects of Instagram use on a daily basis. The results of Study 1 showed more Instagram use was related to higher public self-consciousness. Study 2 found a positive relationship between daily Instagram use and daily state self-objectification, and a positive relationship between daily state self-objectification and negative consequences. Overall, the results of both studies showed that Instagram use has some effect on self-objectification which, in turn, can lead to negative consequences.


2018 Sophia Hui Yu Liu. Access limited to the Smith College community and other researchers while on campus. Smith College community members also may access from off-campus using a Smith College log-in. Other off-campus researchers may request a copy through Interlibrary Loan for personal use




47 pages : color illustrations. Includes bibliographical references (pages 37-41)