To access this work you must either be on the Smith College campus OR have valid Smith login credentials.

On Campus users: To access this work if you are on campus please Select the Download button.

Off Campus users: To access this work from off campus, please select the Off-Campus button and enter your Smith username and password when prompted.

Non-Smith users: You may request this item through Interlibrary Loan at your own library.

Publication Date


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy


School for Social Work


Negative countertransference, Suicide, Training, Supervision, Anxiety


This quantitative, relational study examined whether negative countertransference (NCT) in 154 college counseling center clinicians was correlated with training, supervision, anxiety, and attitudes toward suicidal clients via an online survey. College counseling center clinicians have growing caseloads of suicidal clients (American College Counseling Center Association, 2017). Previous literature has shown the importance of NCT for clinicians who work with suicidal clients. The findings of the study suggest that participants who had more clinical supervision had lower levels of NCT and more positive attitudes toward suicidal clients. Participants with more positive attitudes toward suicidal clients had lower levels of NCT. Conversely, participants who had higher anxiety levels had higher levels of NCT. Finally, the results on effective training and NCT were inconclusive. Further qualitative research on NCT is recommended. Additional understanding will contribute to best practice and treatment outcomes for college counseling center clinicians who work with suicidal clients.


©2019 Vasiliki Hallas Torres. Access limited to the Smith College community and other researchers while on campus. Smith College community members also may access from off-campus using a Smith College log-in. Other off-campus researchers may request a copy through Interlibrary Loan for personal use.




x, 243 pages. Includes bibliographical references (pages 170-199)