Alternative Title

Evidence from Ethiopia, India, Peru, and Vietnam of the impact of mothers' educational attainments on daughters' schooling

Publication Date

2020

First Advisor

Vis Taraz

Document Type

Honors Project

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts

Department

Economics

Keywords

Intergenerational transmission of human capital, Female education, Cross-country analysis, Developing countries, Returns to education, Ethiopia, India, Peru, Vietnam, Young Lives survey

Abstract

The thesis explores the relationship between mothers’ education and daughters’ education in Ethiopia, India (Andhra Pradesh and Telangana), Peru, and Vietnam. It contributes to a growing literature on intergenerational female educational attain- ment in developing countries by estimating the relationship between mothers’ education and the probability of daughters’ remaining enrolled in full-time education through- out primary and post-secondary education. To test the hypothesis that mothers’ and daughters’ education are positively correlated, the thesis uses linear probability models to analyze Young Lives panel data at the child level over five rounds from 2002 to 2016. Results show a positive and statistically significant relationship between mothers’ ed- ucation and daughters’ education when decisions about secondary and post-secondary education are made in India, and when decisions about post-secondary education are made in Peru and Vietnam. However, no relationship is found between mothers’ and daughters’ education in Ethiopia. This thesis also discusses possible explanations for cross-country variation in the relationship between mothers’ and daughters’ education including perceived returns on female education, women’s value of female education, and mothers’ decision-making power within the household. The discussion concludes that the channel of women’s value of female education supports the results found in the Young Lives Survey. However, the channels of perceived returns on female education and mothers’ decision-making power within the household do not support the results found in the Young Lives survey.

Rights

2020 Isabel X. Kitschelt. Access limited to the Smith College community and other researchers while on campus. Smith College community members also may access from off-campus using a Smith College log-in. Other off-campus researchers may request a copy through Interlibrary Loan for personal use.

Language

English

Comments

43 pages. Includes bibliographical references (pages 34-35)

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