Publication Date


Document Type

Masters Thesis


School for Social Work


Mental health personnel-Mental health, Secondary traumatic stress, Child mental health services, Teenagers-Mental health services, Quantitative, Post-traumatic stress disorder


This study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of Secondary Traumatic Stress (STS) and Vicarious Trauma (VT) in non-clinically trained milieu staff members working in close collaboration with victims of trauma. This study also aimed to discover the extent to which these individuals experience these effects, and will hopefully help bridge the existing gap in the literature around VT and STS in non-clinically trained populations of helpers. In a study of 49 participants including milieu staff members from both inpatient and residential school settings, prevalence of PTSD symptomology as a result of Secondary Traumatic Stress was explored through the use of a survey, the format of which varied based on the identified setting. The results of this study indicated that a significant portion of participants was found to be suffering from secondary or traumatic stress in their current place of employment. Of additional significance was the degree of secondary stress they were experiencing, the majority falling into moderate to severe categories.




iv, 39 pages. Thesis (M.S.W.)-Smith College School for Social Work, 2014. Includes bibliographical references (pages 31-33)