Publication Date


Document Type

Masters Thesis


School for Social Work


Occupations, Professions, Hope, Career ideation, Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, Hope theory, Social cognitive career theory, ADHD, Professional identity, Attention-deficit disorder in adolescence, Attention-deficit disorder in adults


This theoretical study explores hope theory (Snyder, 1991) and social cognitive career theory (Lent, Hackett and Brown, 1994) perspectives related to the impact of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) on a young adult's professional identity and career ideation. Hope theory posits that there are three primary influences on one's sense of hope, these are: selfagency, pathways and attainment of goals. Social cognitive career theory posits that career ideation and performance is manifested by the interplay of multiple factors, including: selfefficacy, outcome expectations, goals, and negotiation of supports and barriers. The scientific and counseling literatures have not adequately explored the effects of ADHD on the professional identities of young adults and adults in the workplace. Research shows that the symptoms of ADHD can negatively affect the academic performance of children and adolescents, and the job performance of adults. This paper uses the theoretical lenses of hope theory and social cognitive career theory to examine the multiple ways that the condition can influence the career ideation of the individual with ADHD. Lastly, counseling recommendations are provided for professionals who work with young adults with ADHD.




iii, 61 p. Thesis (M.S.W.)--Smith College School for Social Work, Northampton, Mass., 2012. Includes bibliographical references (p. 53-61)

Limited Access until August 2017