Evaluating Mechanisms of idh1 Regulation through Site-Specific Acetylation Mimics
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Isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH1) catalyzes the reversible NADP+-dependent oxidation of isocitrate to α-ketoglutarate (αKG). IDH1 mutations, primarily R132H, drive > 80% of low-grade gliomas and secondary glioblastomas and facilitate the NADPH-dependent reduction of αKG to the oncometabolite D-2-hydroxyglutarate (D2HG). While the biochemical features of human WT and mutant IDH1 catalysis have been well-established, considerably less is known about mechanisms of regulation. Proteomics studies have identified lysine acetylation in WT IDH1, indicating post-translational regulation. Here, we generated lysine to glutamine acetylation mimic mutants in IDH1 to evaluate the effects on activity. We show that mimicking lysine acetylation decreased the catalytic efficiency of WT IDH1, with less severe catalytic consequences for R132H IDH1.