Environment and Development Economics
Climate change is increasing the frequency of extreme weather events, such as drought and heat waves. In this paper, we assess the impact of drought and high temperatures on the employment outcomes of working-age individuals in South Africa between 2008 and 2017. We merge high-resolution weather data with detailed individual-level survey data on labor market outcomes, and estimate causal impacts using a fixed effects framework. We find that increases in the occurrence of drought reduce overall employment. These effects are concentrated in the tertiary sector, amongst informal workers, and in provinces with a higher reliance on tourism. Taken together, our results suggest that the impacts of climate change will be felt unequally by South Africa’s workers.
employment, unemployment, climate change, drought, South Africa
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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
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Brookes Gray, Harriet Margaret; Taraz, Vis; and Halliday, Simon, "The Impact of Weather Shocks on Employment Outcomes: Evidence from South Africa" (2023). Environmental Science and Policy: Faculty Publications, Smith College, Northampton, MA.