Journal of Applied Physiology
Acute exercise and exercise training may influence putative endothelial progenitor cell (EPC) number and colony forming units (CFU-ECs), although the mechanisms remain unclear. This study examined the effects of in vitro thrombin supplementation and acute exercise on CFU-EC gene expression, associated with cellular proliferation and differentiation. The effect of habitual physical activity was evaluated through analysis of EPCs from chronically high- and low-active men. Participants were healthy high- and low-active men (n = 23), aged 55-80 yr. Circulating CD34+/VEGFR2+ number, CFU-ECs, plasma prothrombin fragment (F1+2), and thrombin-antithrombin III were measured at rest and after 30 min of exercise. Gene expression of cyclin A2, cyclin D1, p27, VE-cadherin, and VEGFR2 was assessed in postexercise CFU-ECs and resting CFU-ECs treated with 0, 1, 5, or 10 U/ml of thrombin. Outcomes were compared between high- and low-active participants. F1+2 and thrombin-antithrombin III, but not CD34+/VEGFR2+ number and CFU-ECs, increased with exercise. Exercise-induced changes in F1+2 correlated with changes in CD34 +/VEGFR2+ number in both groups. Thrombin treatments and acute exercise increased cyclin A2 and cyclin D1 expression and decreased p27 expression. One unit per milliliter thrombin increased VEGFR2 and VE-cadherin expression, whereas 5 U/ml, 10 U/ml , and acute exercise did not elicit any changes. An exercise training effect was observed with greater decreases in p27 expression with 5 and 10 U/ml thrombin and greater increases in VEGFR2 and VE-cadherin expression with 1 U/ml thrombin in high-active men. Exercise-induced changes in putative EPC gene expression are associated with thrombin production and may be modulated by long-term exercise training.
Coagulation, Endothelial progenitor cell, Hemostasis, Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction
© 2010 the American Physiological Society.
Lockard, Michael M.; Witkowski, Sarah; Jenkins, Nathan T.; Spangenburg, Espen E.; Obisesan, Thomas O.; and Hagberg, James M., "Thrombin and Exercise Similarly Influence Expression of Cell Cycle Genes in Cultured Putative Endothelial Progenitor Cells" (2010). Exercise and Sport Studies: Faculty Publications, Smith College, Northampton, MA.