Ergodic Theory and Dynamical Systems
This paper gives two results that show that the dynamics of a time-periodic Lagrangian system on a hyperbolic manifold are at least as complicated as the geodesic flow of a hyperbolic metric. Given a hyperbolic geodesic in the Poincaré ball, Theorem A asserts that there are minimizers of the lift of the Lagrangian system that are a bounded distance away and have a variety of approximate speeds. Theorem B gives the existence of a collection of compact invariant sets of the Euler-Lagrange flow that are semiconjugate to the geodesic flow of a hyperbolic metric. These results can be viewed as a generalization of the Aubry-Mather theory of twist maps and the Hedlund-Morse-Gromov theory of minimal geodesies on closed surfaces and hyperbolic manifolds.
Boyland, Philip and Golé, Christophe, "Lagrangian Systems on Hyperbolic Manifolds" (1999). Mathematics and Statistics: Faculty Publications, Smith College, Northampton, MA.