Journal of Symplectic Geometry
A VB-groupoid is a Lie groupoid equipped with a compatible linear structure. In this paper, we describe a correspondence, up to isomorphism, between VB-groupoids and 2-term representations up to homotopy of Lie groupoids. Under this correspondence, the tangent bundle of a Lie groupoid G corresponds to the “adjoint representation” of G. The value of this point of view is that the tangent bundle is canonical, whereas the adjoint representation is not. We define a cochain complex that is canonically associated to any VB-groupoid. The cohomology of this complex is isomorphic to the groupoid cohomology with values in the corresponding representations up to homotopy. When applied to the tangent bundle of a Lie groupoid, this construction produces a canonical complex that computes the cohomology with values in the adjoint representation. Finally, we give a classification of regular 2-term representations up to homotopy. By considering the adjoint representation, we find a new cohomological invariant associated to regular Lie groupoids.
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Gracia-Saz, Alfonso and Mehta, Rajan Amit, "VB-Groupoids and Representation Theory of Lie Groupoids" (2017). Mathematics and Statistics: Faculty Publications, Smith College, Northampton, MA.